Useful links

European Commission i2010 Digital Libraries initiative

European Commission

European Parliament resolution on i2010 Digital libraries

Comité des Sages report


Digital Libraries initiatives


EU Member States and EEA countries

Norway |

Bookshelf project




Orphan works

The i2010 digital libraries: specific guidelines to orphan works

Safe Harbor Provisions for the Use of Orphan Works for Scientific, Technical and Medical Literature

Directive Proposal of the European Parliament and of the Council
on certain permitted uses of orphan works

Report from Copyright subgroup to the High Level Expert Group, chapters 5 and 9

Guidelines for Diligent Search for rightholders to Orphan Works

Memorandum of Understanding on diligent search guidelines for Orphan works

Criteria for Orphan Works Databases

Criteria for Orphan Works Rights Clearance Centers

Directive Proposal of the European Parliament and of the Council
on certain permitted uses of orphan works

Out-of-Print works

Memorandum of Understanding Key Principles on the Digitisation and Making Available of Out-of-Commerce Works

Definition of out-of-print works Chapter 6.1 in Report from Copyright subgroup to High Level Expert Group

Report from Copyright subgroup to High Level Expert Group, chapters 6 and 9

Model Licensing Agreement for the digitisation and making available of out-of-print works in secure networks to authorised users

Model Licensing Agreement for the making available of out-of-print books in copyright by libraries over open networks

Criteria for Out-of-Print works Databases

Criteria for Out-of-Print works Rights Clearance Centers

Copyright and Related Rights

European Commission

Other related projects

The European Library TEL




Conference of European National Librarians (CENL)

European Bureau of Library, Information and Documentation Associations (EBLIDA)

Association of European Research Libraries (LIBER)

International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organisations (IFRRO)

European Writers Council (EWC)

European Visual Artists (EVA)

International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)

Federation of European Publishers (FEP)

International Association of
Scientific, Technical & Medical Publishers

European Commission and other European Union institutions

European Commission

EC Directorate General DG Information Society

EC Directorate General DG Internal Market

European Commission – Digital Library Initiative

European Commission – eContentplus programme

Information and Communication Technologies Policy Support Programme (ICT-PSP)

Cultural heritage

Main page

Communication on i2010 Digital Libraries

Recommendation on digitisation and online accessibility of cultural material and digital preservation

Council Conclusions on digitization and online accessibility of cultural material and digital preservation

Scientifc and scholarly information

Main page

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council and the European Economic and Social Committee on scientific information in the digital age: access, dissemination and preservation

Digital preservation

Member States Expert Group

Report from Copyright subgroup to the High Level Expert Group, chapters 2 and 3

ARROW Project partners

Contracting Partners

The Biblioteca Nacional is Spain's highest library institution and is head of the Spanish Library System.

The Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF) is one of the largest public and research libraries in the world. Its digital library Gallica ( contains 775,083 documents including 196,445 in full text: 759,199 from BnF collections, 4,332 from library partners and 11,552 from e-distributors.

The British Library is the legal deposit library of the UK and one of the largest libraries in the world with over 150 million items in all formats known to man. The Legal Deposit Libraries Act 2003 has extended the Library’s legal deposit entitlement to digital items.

The German National Library is the central archival library and national bibliographic centre for the Federal Republic of Germany.

Founded in 1798, the National Library of the Netherlands was named Koninklijke Bibliotheek in 1806 and was declared the National Library in 1982. The main mission of the National Library of the Netherlands is to preserve the national printed and written heritage.

The library shall be the premier source of information about Norway, Norwegians and Norwegian culture, and it is to be Norway's main resource for the collection, archiving and distribution of Norwegian media.

The University and Regional Library of Tyrol was founded in 1700. It is the largest library in western Austria and serves more than 40,000 registered users.

The National and University Library was established in 1774. They collect, document, preserve, archive and provide access to the written cultural heritage of the Slovenian nation and country.

Associated Partners

Finnish National Library is the oldest and largest scholarly library in Finland as well as the largest independent institute at the University of Helsinki. It is responsible for the collection, description, preservation and accessibility of Finland’s printed national heritage and the unique collections under its care.

Publishers Associations

Contracting Partners

The Italian Publishers Association is the trade association for Italian and foreign publishers operating in Italy or who publish books, magazines and digital products in Italian.

The Federación de Gremios de Editores de España (FGEE) (Spanish Association of Publishers Guilds) is a non-profit, trade association created in 1978 to represent, manage, enhance and defend the general common interests of the Spanish publishers on a national, European and international level.

Associated Partners

Publishers Licensing Society is dedicated to protecting and strengthening the copyright framework by motivating good practice in rights management. One of the most important ways PLS does this is by facilitating licence solutions that protect rights and provide revenue for publishers through collective licensing.

Syndicat National de L’Edition is France's trade association of book publishers. It represents approximately 400 member companies whose combined business endeavors account for the bulk of French publishing.

The Swedish Publishers Association is a trade organisation for the Swedish book-publishing industry. The association has 68 members, and the main purpose of the association is to promote issues of common interest to the publishing industry, making publishers more visible, giving legal assistance with special concern to copyright protection and dealing with political and economic issues concerning publishing and book reading.

Reproduction Rights Organisations

Contracting Partners

The Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd. was incorporated as a non-profit-making company limited by guarantee in 1983. CLA is an agency that acts on behalf of authors, illustrators, photographers and publishers. It is a facilitator in making widely available, under the terms of reprographic and digitisation licences, excerpts from a huge repertoire of over 16 million publications (books, journals and magazines).

Associated Partners

Centro Español de Derechos Reprográficos is a non-profit association of authors and publishers of books, periodicals and other publications in any medium. The association collectively protects and manages members’ intellectual property rights.

The Centre Français d'exploitation du droit de Copie is a authors and publishers owned organisation created in 1984 to licence books and press publications'reproduction rights.

Copy-dan Writing represents copyright owners of books, periodicals, newspapers, magazines, trade papers, and music. The designation covers authors, journalists, composers, and illustrators, as well as publishing houses and other publishing activities.

Kopinor Membership is in principle open to any association representing copyright holders of published works. Today Kopinor has 23 member organisations - 6 publishers' associations and 17 authors' associations. This broad representation is the backbone of Kopinor, and allows Kopinor to offer licenses in regard of photocopying and certain digital uses of published works to users based on a portfolio of rights to all relevant types of works.

Kopiosto Copyright Society administers licenses and distributes remunerations to copyrights owners. Kopiosto represents roughly 50 000 Finnish copyrights owners who belong to 44 member organizations representing authors, photographers, performing artists and publishers in all fields of creative work.

SAZOR is a non for profit reprographic rights organization of Slovenian authors and publishers (Slovenian RRO). It was registered in the second half of 2007 when SAZOR became fully operational as a Slovenian RRO, when it got a license from the Slovenian Intellectual Property Organization. SAZOR immediately got 22 publishers as their members, and theses publishers cover more than 95% of the Slovenian market. Further, over 700 authors, mainly authors and translators) joined SAZOR through their association ZAMP.

Collecting Societies representing Authors

Associated Partners

The Author's Licensing and Collecting Society represents the interests of all UK writers and aims to ensure writers are fairly compensated for any works that are copied, broadcast or recorded.

LIRA is a collective management rights organization representing Dutch writers. LIRA was established in 1986 and safeguards the authors rights of dutch writers. LIRA achieved several goals for professional writers such as a pension fund, legal assistance and a cultural fund. Recently LIRA reached an agreement with dutch libraries, archives and museum on digitization and accessibility of their heritage collection.

International Organisations

Contracting Partners

The Federation of European Publishers (FEP) is an independent, non-commercial umbrella association representing 26 national book and learned journal publishers’ associations from the European Union Member States and from the European Economic area.

IFRRO represents several hundred thousand creators and publishers in the print media sectors in Europe and worldwide. Of the 110 member organisations, 64 are involved in the licensing of reprographic reproduction and certain digital uses.

Associated Partners

The European Library is a free web service of CENL, the Conference of European National Librarians, that offers access to the resources of the 48 national libraries of Europe in 27 languages. The resources can be both digital or bibliographical (books, posters, maps, sound recordings, photos, videos, etc). More than 300 collections and about 150 million bibliographic records can be searched via The European Library portal.

Technology Developers

Contracting Partners

CINECA is a non profit Consortium, made up of 32 Italian universities, the National Institute of Oceanography and Experimental Geophysics - OGS, the CNR (National Research Council), and the Ministry of University and Research.

Numilog is a French private company, founded in 1999. Since that date, it was focused on the creation and distribution of ebooks and is now the main French private actor of this sector.

ISBN Agency

Contracting Partners

MVB was (as Buchhändler-Vereinigung GmbH) founded in 1947 as a service and publishing company for the German Publishers & Booksellers Association (Börsenverein) and the corresponding territorial subdivisions.


The ARROW system works and it is fully implemented in 9 countries, while an additional 7 countries are in an advanced implementation stage
ARROW Plus consortium partners reunited for their General Meeting
ARROW being considered for Hungarian digitization project
An update on the Books in Print development in the ARROW Plus project was given
ARROW System developments to be discussed at the 17th International Conference on Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries
Syndicate content
ARROW Plus is a Best Practice Network selected under the Competitiveness and innovation framework programme